What are PFAs, and microplastics, and how do they get into our tap water?

 A recent study, showed that up to 93% of bottled water in the US is contaminated with Microplastics. And while the 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was established to ensure a good standard of drinking water across the United States, overcoming the hurdles of a 100 year old water system does present some challenges. The US Environmental Protection Agency estimates that 40 million U.S. residents use water that contains lead in excess of 15 parts per billion. The Flint Michigan water crisis illustrated a tragic occurrence, by which some 6000-12000 children were exposed to high levels of lead since 2014. With a growing concern for tap water, a 408 million dollar program was initiated in Washington, D.C. to replace the lead service connections to about 35 000  And while Governments are realizing the need to update water systems, the American Water Works Association estimates the cost will amount to 1 trillion dollars over the next 25 years. 

What are Microplastics?

As plastic degrades over time, it leaves a trail a small plastic pieces less than five millimeters in diameter. As plastic breaks down into these tiny little pieces that are undetectable to the human eye, they find their way into our streams, rivers and oceans. An alarming study revealed that up to 93% of bottled water contains micro plastics. The microscopic pores of Nutra Bottles membrane filter eliminates microplastics by not allowing them to pass through the tiny pores. 

How does lead find its way into tap water?

The EPA estimates that 40 million U.S. residents use water that contain lead in excess of 15 parts per billion. We know the risk of lead poses to U.S. residents from the Flint, Michigan water crisis. As old pipes and fittings corrode, lead makes its way into the water and out of our taps. Having you local water service test your water will allow you to know if your water contains lead. Lead content in excess of 15 parts per billion should not be consumed by children, and should be filtered. Nutra Bottle's carbon activated charcoal filter reduces lead and heavy metal content to provide safe drinking water. 


The first PFA's were invented in the 1930s and were the main ingredient in non-stick and water proof coatings. PFA's are a group of stubborn man made chemicals involved in manufacturing that can have been found to have adverse health effects on humans. The National centre for Biotechnology Information found that PFOA was found in the blood of 98% of the population. It is mostly found around military bases and manufacturing facilities where it leaks into the ground and into the water supply. Charcoal activated filters like the one in Nutra Bottle has been found to eliminate and absorb PFA's. 

How do we proceed?

If you want to know more about the tap water in your local municipality, The Environmental Working Group (EWG) has a tap water database it has compiled since 2010. Simply enter in your zip code on the EWG website, and you can trace drinking water concerns related to bacteria in your local area from their database.